All newborns require essential newborn care to minimize the risk of illness and maximize their growth and development. This care will also prevent many newborn emergencies.
Which is most important in the immediate care of the newborn?
Immediate care involves: Drying the baby with warm towels or cloths, while being placed on the mother’s abdomen or in her arms. This mother-child skin-to-skin contact is important to maintain the baby’s temperature, encourage bonding and expose the baby to the mother’s skin bacteria.
What is the essential newborn care?
Essential newborn care is the care provided to the neonate after birth within the delivery room by skilled personnel which includes drying and stimulating, assessing breathing, cord care, skin to skin contact, initiating exclusive breastfeeding, eye care, vitamin k provision, place of identification band and weighing.
What is the importance of drying the baby?
The newborn’s body temperature can drop rapidly after birth causing potentially life-threatening neonatal hypothermia, the risk of which can be reduced by drying the newborn immediately.
Why does the first breath of a newborn need to be a forceful breath?
The first breath typically is taken within 10 seconds of birth, after mucus is aspirated from the infant’s mouth and nose. The first breaths inflate the lungs to nearly full capacity and dramatically decrease lung pressure and resistance to blood flow, causing a major circulatory reconfiguration.
Why is it important to dry and warm a newborn infant right after childbirth?
Providing warmth for the newborn
A newborn baby is wet from the amniotic fluid and can easily become cold. Drying the baby and using warm blankets and heat lamps can help prevent heat loss.
Why do newborn babies need oxygen?
Most newborn babies require extra oxygen to help them breathe while the infection clears. Premature babies may need a fatty substance called surfactant to help the air sacs to fill and stay open properly.
What happens to the baby’s lungs during delivery?
As the baby’s due date nears, the lungs begin to absorb the fluid. Some fluid also may be squeezed out during birth as the baby passes through the birth canal. After delivery, as a baby breathes for the first time, the lungs fill with air and more fluid is pushed out.
Why might the face of a newborn be swollen after birth?
A newborn’s face may look quite puffy due to fluid accumulation and the rough trip through the birth canal. The infant’s facial appearance often changes significantly during the first few days as the baby gets rid of the extra fluid and the trauma of delivery eases.