Two pregnancy-related hormones—human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen—cause increased thyroid hormone levels in the blood. Made by the placenta, hCG is similar to TSH and mildly stimulates the thyroid to produce more thyroid hor- mone.
What should be the TSH level during pregnancy?
The Endocrine Society recommends that TSH levels be maintained between 0.2-<2.5 mU/L in the first trimester of pregnancy and between 0.3-3 mU/L in the remaining trimesters. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between TSH levels in early pregnancy and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
What if TSH is high during pregnancy?
Thyroid hormone has an important role in brain development of the baby during pregnancy. It is clear that overt hypothyroidism (increased TSH levels and low thyroid hormone levels) in the mother, especially early in pregnancy, can affect the baby’s brain development or cause other problems with the pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of high TSH?
High TSH levels indicate hypothyroidism.
- weight gain.
- swelling of the face and neck.
- increased sensitivity to cold temperatures.
- dry skin.
- thinning hair.
- a slow heart rate.
- irregular or heavy menstrual periods.
How do I get my TSH levels down?
If your thyroid is overactive, there are several options:
- Radioactive iodine to slow down your thyroid.
- Anti-thyroid medications to prevent it from overproducing hormones.
- Beta blockers to reduce a rapid heart rate caused by high thyroid levels.
- Surgery to remove the thyroid (this is less common)
How can I reduce my TSH during pregnancy?
Good sources of iodine are dairy foods, seafood, eggs, meat, poultry, and iodized salt—salt with added iodine. Experts recommend taking a prenatal vitamin with 150 micrograms of iodine to make sure you’re getting enough, especially if you don’t use iodized salt.
How does thyroid affect the baby during pregnancy?
The thyroid makes hormones that help your body work. If it makes too little or too much of these hormones, you may have problems during pregnancy. Untreated thyroid conditions during pregnancy are linked to serious problems, including premature birth, miscarriage and stillbirth.
What foods increase TSH?
Soy foods: tofu, tempeh, edamame, etc. Certain vegetables: cabbage, broccoli, kale, cauliflower, spinach, etc. Fruits and starchy plants: sweet potatoes, cassava, peaches, strawberries, etc. Nuts and seeds: millet, pine nuts, peanuts, etc.
What is the treatment of high TSH?
Standard treatment for hypothyroidism involves daily use of the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, reversing the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism. You’ll likely start to feel better soon after you start treatment.
Can stress cause high TSH levels?
Cortisol, the main hormone produced in response to stress, can suppress pituitary function and keep the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from being released, thereby inducing hypothyroidism, according to Dr. Wasser.
What is a dangerously high TSH level?
The standard reference range for the TSH level is anywhere between 0.30 and 5.0 uIU/mL. If your TSH level is higher than 5.0 uIU/mL, then the lab will flag you as “high,” and you may experience the symptoms listed above 5.0 uIU/mL. Values of the TSH level more than 10.0 uIU/mL need long-term thyroid supplements.
Which fruit is good for thyroid?
Apples, pears, plums and citrus fruits are abundant with pectins, which help with detoxifying the body of mercury – one of the most critical metals that have been connected to thyroid problems.